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写作如何快速涨分?快把这些高级同义替换词汇用起来!【倒计时第4天】

2019-06-12 00:31 欧阳萍老师

一、假设,猜想(guess)

1.hypothesis [haɪˈpɒθəsɪs]

【例句】Their hypothesis is that watching excessive amounts of television reduces a person's ability to concentrate.

【翻译】他们的假说认为过度观看电视会导致注意力不集中等问题。

2.speculation [ˌspekjuˈleɪʃn]

【例句】The book is just a lot of idle speculation about the future.

【翻译】这本书就是很多关于未来的无意义的猜想。

3.assumption [əˈsʌmpʃn]

【例句】Her plan is based on the underlying assumption that the economy will improve in the near future.

【翻译】她的计划是基于这样一个假设:经济将在不久的将来会有所改善。

二、提议(suggestion)

1.proposal [prəˈpəʊzl]

【例句】This proposal would be a less restrictive way of obtaining the same information.

【翻译】该提议是以相对轻松的方式获取同等信息。

2.recommendation [ˌrekəmenˈdeɪʃn]

【例句】The president, according to a White House statement last week, has decided to accept our recommendation.

【翻译】白宫发言人上周表示总统已经决定接受我们的提议。

3.proposition [ˌprɒpəˈzɪʃn]

【例句】Right now, a significant minority (some 40 percent) of African-American voters already agrees with that proposition.

【翻译】现在,少数非洲裔美国选民(将近40%)已经同意了该提议。

三、 动机、动力(motivation)

1.impetus [ˈɪmpɪtəs]

【例句】This is the primary impetus behind the economic recovery.

【翻译】这是促使经济复苏的主要动力.

2.momentum [məˈmentəm]

【例句】They are each anxious to maintain the momentum of the search for a solution.

【翻译】他们每个人都迫切希望能一直劲头十足地去寻求解决方案。

3.incentive [ɪnˈsentɪv]

【例句】She alone had not only the incentive, but the necessary opportunity.

【翻译】她不是缺少动力,而是缺少必要的机会。

4.encouragement [ɪnˈkʌrɪdʒmənt]

【例句】He's so invested in this dream of becoming a writer that any encouragement sends him flying.

【翻译】他为实现作家梦付出了很大的心血,任何鼓励都让他非常高兴。

四、评估,估计 (evaluation)

1.assessment [əˈsesmənt]

【例句】This was an uncharitable assessment of the reasons for the failure.

【翻译】这是对失败原因毫不讲情面的分析评估

2.appraisal [əˈpreɪzl]

【例句】What is needed in such cases is a calm appraisal of the situation.

【翻译】在此类情况下需要对形势有一个冷静的评估。

3.estimate [ˈestɪmət]

【例句】At least one estimate puts the total tab at $7 million.

【翻译】至少有一个估价把总数定在了700万美元。

4.judgment [ˈdʒʌdʒmənt]

【例句】Our judgment as to the cause of his failure must rest on the evidence.

【翻译】我们是基于证据对他失败的原因进行评估。

五、混乱 (disorder)

1.disorganization [dɪsˌɔ:ɡənaɪ'zeɪʃn]

【例句】May beth is is just another manifestation of Democratic disorganization.

【翻译】也许这又一次彰显了民主混乱。

2.chaos [ˈkeɪɒs]

【例句】Whatever troubles arise, we'll have peace of mind amidst seeming chaos.

【翻译】无论出现什么样的麻烦,我们都会在貌似混乱的情形中保持平和的心态。

3.turbulence [ˈtɜ:bjələns]

【例句】Theworld situation is characterized by turbulence and intranquility.

【翻译】世界局势动荡不安.

4.turmoil [ˈtɜ:mɔɪl]

【例句】My emotional turmoil had drained me.

【翻译】纷乱的情绪让我心力交瘁。

六、工具设备(tool)

1.appliance [əˈplaɪəns]

【例句】He could also learn to use the vacuum cleaner, the washing machine and otherhousehold appliances.

【翻译】他可以再学学使用吸尘器、洗衣机和其他家用电器

2.equipment [ɪˈkwɪpmənt]

【例句】The photographer came early to set up his equipment.

【翻译】摄影师很早就把他的设备搭起来了。

3.device [dɪˈvaɪs]

【例句】The device can discriminate between the cancerous and the normal cells.

【翻译】这台仪器可以辨别癌细胞和正常的细胞。

4.apparatus [ˌæpəˈreɪtəs]

【例句】They lacked the scientific personnel to develop the technical apparatus much further.